Presbyopia is a condition associated with aging that causes blurred vision. Usually begins at the age of 40 and affects everyone, even those who have never had vision problems before.
At the onset of presbyopia, individuals will squint or hold reading materials at arm’s length in order to assist their eye to remain focus. Some of the prevalent symptoms of presbyopia are eye strain, headache, and fatigue among others.
A large number of experts are of the opinion that presbyopia occurs as a result of changes in the lens inside the eye. As people grow old, the lens becomes harder and less elastic; this makes it difficult for the eye to focus on nearby objects.
Progressive visual loss may interfere with simple day-to-day tasks such as reading, using a smartphone or tablet, or working on a computer. The good news is that presbyopia can be easily diagnosed by routine eye examination. Many treatment options are available to help restore sight in the vicinity.
Who is a suitable candidate for presbyopia correction?
The first step in finding the best presbyopia solution for your needs including presbyopia surgery is to consult an ophthalmologist after a complete eye examination.
Your doctor can help you to choose the best option for you based on important factors such as your age, eye health, and daily vision needs.
You may be an ideal candidate for presbyopia correction if you are an adult who is above the age of 21 and who is diagnosed with presbyopia. Your ophthalmologist can accurately diagnose presbyopia through examination of the eye and will recommend the best treatment option.
There are many different treatment options are available some of which are listed below:
- Contact lenses for presbyopia
People in early presbyopia stage which is known as emerging presbyopes are often uncomfortably surprised by the new difficulty of seeing closely, mostly in the event that they have had no record of vision problems before. In addition, many are not satisfied with the idea of wearing bifocals glasses.
Monovision is another contact lens option which is used for correcting presbyopia, in this case, one of the two eyes wears a near vision lens, and the other eye wears a distance vision lens. Your eyes automatically focus properly depending on the visual situation.
This is known as the most common and simplest treatment for presbyopia. The available options are bifocal or progressive lens eyeglasses.
The bifocal lens is divided into two parts. The larger, main part corrects distance vision, while the smaller, secondary part allows you to see close-ups.
Progressive lenses work similarly, except that parts of the lens are optimized for a distant vision and close vision more homogeneous (as opposed to two different areas that characterize bifocals).
Although it’s a simple and inexpensive option for correction, there can be shortcomings and aesthetic concerns with eyeglasses; this is the major reason why a number of individuals opt for an alternative solution, such as contact lenses or surgeries.
- Contact lenses
The very common methods of treatment of presbyopia are multifocal and monovision contact lenses.
Multifocal contact lenses work in the same way as bifocal glasses and are designed to provide a clear vision through different focal points. Patients can work with their ophthalmologist to find the most appropriate, whether it’s a soft lens, a rigid gas permeable lens, or a hybrid. They also have an added benefit because they are available as disposable lenses.
Monovision contact lenses provide a number of different prescriptions for each eye; one is meant for distance vision and the other one is designed for close vision. It can be uncomfortable for a number of individuals who find it difficult making the adjustment. The sharpness of vision and depth perception can be affected.
Eyeglasses and contact lenses are known as temporary solutions for presbyopia that require constant care. Today, more people opt for permanent treatment via corrective surgery.
Surgery of presbyopia
Monovision, as explained above, can be performed with LASIK as well as with contact lenses. A procedure known as conductive keratoplasty, or CK, which make use of radio waves to change the corneal surface, can also induce monovision, but the effect is not sustainable. Numerous other surgical corrections for presbyopia are currently undergoing clinical trials for approval by the FDA.
No matter which option you choose, presbyopia develops over time and your contact lenses or eyeglass prescription can be increased to keep up with it. Regular eye examinations will ensure that your prescription is always updated and will provide you with the best possible vision.
Other possibilities for surgical correction of presbyopia include:
- NearVision CK
- Monovision LASIK
- Refractive lens exchange
- Recovery time
Recovery time from presbyopia correction is usually a week or less. During this initial recovery period, it is important to avoid any activity that may be irritating to the eyes, such as contact sports or swimming. You may have to avoid driving for a few days. After you finish, you can expect visual problems such as blur, aureole around the light and a bad night vision. Your vision will improve in weeks and months after surgery.
Medical tourism for presbyopia correction
The idea of going abroad for surgery is a relatively new idea, partially triggered by a low cost of treatment and the frequency of cheap airline tickets. A large number of people putting presbyopia correction into consideration are motivated by the lower prices abroad.
Cost of presbyopia correction
There are some factors which determine the cost of presbyopia correction some of which includes the technique used and the experience of the surgeon among others. The prices of presbyopia correction can be between $ 1,500 and $ 4,000 per eye. Treatments are somewhat more expensive than the treatment of short-sightedness or farsightedness. Although the operation is generally not covered by insurance, there are numerous funding options that make long-term vision correction affordable.