Last update: 07 August 2019
A dental crown is known as a tooth-shaped “cap” which is positioned over a tooth so as to cover the tooth for the purpose of restoring the shape and size, strength and bring about an improvement in appearance. Once the crown is cemented into place, it completely covers the whole visible portion of a tooth which lies at and above the gum line.
Why do you need a dental crown?
Some of the reasons why dental crowns are needed are listed below:
- Dental crowns are used to protect a weak tooth (for example, from decay) from breaking or hold together part of a cracked tooth
- To restore a tooth already broken or heavily worn tooth
- To cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there are not many teeth left
- A dental crown is used to hold a dental bridge in place
- Dental crown cover badly formed or very faded teeth
- To cover the dental implant
- To make a cosmetic modification
For children, the crown can be used on primary teeth to:
Save a tooth that is so damaged by decay that it cannot support a filling.
Protect the teeth of a child that is at high risk of tooth decay, especially when they have problems with everyday oral hygiene.
Reduce the frequency of general anesthesia for children unable as a result of age, behavior or medical history to completely cooperate with the requirements of proper dental care.
What made the crown?
Crowns can be made with different materials, and new materials are continuously introduced. Below are some of the most popular options.
- Porcelain tied to precious metal:
This is what a number of crowns are made from. It involves the production of a precious metal base after which porcelain is applied in layers to it.
These types of crowns are entirely made outside of porcelain and are not that strong as bonded crowns. What makes them special is that they can look like the natural teeth and are used mostly for front teeth.
- All ceramics
This is a new innovation that provides a metal-free alternative. All ceramics can provide the strength of a bonded crown and the looks of a porcelain crown. It is therefore regarded to be ideal for use in all parts of the mouth.
These crowns look very natural and can be used anywhere in the mouth.
- Gold-alloy crowns
Gold is known to be one of the filling materials that have been in existence for a long period of time. Presently, gold is used in tandem with other metal alloys so as to increase its strength, making it very resistant. The colors of these crowns are either silver or gold.
Dental crown procedure
At the beginning of the procedure, your dentist will apply the anesthetic in order to numb the tooth getting the crown and the surrounding tissue. After this, a dental drill and an abrasive bur will be used to remove the outer surface of the tooth on the top and all sides; this creates enough space for the crown to be placed. In the event that there are no enough teeth to support the crown, what is done is that a crown build-up may be added to build a solid foundation on which the crown will be positioned. Your dentist will then make an impression of the tooth by making use of an impression paste, putty, or a digital scanner. This impression will be forward to a dental laboratory to actually make the crown.
Usually, it takes about two to three days to get a crown from the dentist’s lab after the dentist sends them the impression. It is not good for the tooth to remain uncovered during that period. Your dentist will install a temporary crown during your first visit. When the permanent crown is returned, you will have another appointment with the dentist to install it. The temporary crown will be removed and the new crown will be adjusted to fit properly into your tooth and bite. Dentists then use a special cement to attach the crown to the tooth. When the cement is hardened, the crown is firmly attached to the tooth.
The period of recovery after the dental crown usually lasts for several days, as the body recovers from irritation and inflammation associated with the procedure. It is normal that patients initially experience some sensitivity, discomfort or pain, which should be reduced after a few days.
It is important to keep the crown clean as natural teeth. The crown itself cannot collapse, but decomposition can begin where the edge of the crown connects with the tooth. Brush late in the night and at least one other time during the day, make use of fluoride toothpaste, and clean in between your teeth with ‘interdental’ brushes or floss.
Medical tourism and the Cost of dental crown abroad
Health tourists are people who visit another country outside their home nation for the purpose of a medical or dental procedure. A large number of people travel because of a range of dental procedures some of which include and not limited to implants, crowns and bridges fitted, or for dentures, root canal treatment, fillings, veneers, and teeth whitening.
However, when it comes to dental crowns, there are a number of factors that determine the average price of dental crowns. Some of which is the material of the crown, location of the tooth, and the size of the tooth. All of these together affect the price of the dental crown. The dentist’s experience and local prices also affect the price. For example, an experienced dentist in an area where high living costs are likely to charge more than a new dentist in an area where the cost of living is low;
However, porcelain metal crowns can cost between $ 875 and $ 1400 per tooth. Metal crowns of gold alloy or alloy base metals cost an average of $830 to $2465 per tooth. If you get a porcelain crown, the price can range from $ 800 to $ 3000 per tooth. To get the right cost, you need to talk to your dentist or their office manager.
If you have decided to go abroad for a dental crown, the prices differ take for instance the cost of a dental crown in Serbia is 100 € while in Croatia it is 200€ and in Bosnia and Herzegovina it can range between 75 € to 150 €.